• en
  • pt-br
154 results

Carbon Stocks and Pools in Relation to the Texture of Kaolinitic Soils from the Brazilian East Coast

João Bosco Vasconcellos Gomes, Carlos Alberto Silva, Tamara Letícia de Azevedo Ferreira, Mozart Martins Ferreira, Alberto Vasconcellos Inda, Nilton Curi

12/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Extremely kaolinitic soils of Tertiary age elevations on the Brazilian east coast present a wide range of texture, which is recognized as one of the main factors controlling the soil organic matter contents. This study aimed to investigate the organic C storage of different compartments of kaolinitic soils. The studied soils had a wide particle size gradient, were under native forest vegetation, and located on Brazil’s eastern coast (Coruripe – CF, Umbaúba – UF, Nova Viçosa – VF, Sooretama […]

Isolation, Characterization and Symbiotic Efficiency of Nitrogen-Fixing and Heavy Metal-Tolerant Bacteria from a Coalmine Wasteland

Paulo Ademar Avelar Ferreira, Sabrina de Fatima Barbosa Dahmer, Tais Backes, Andressa de Oliveira Silveira, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques, Mohsin Zafar, [...]

05/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Areas affected by coal mining can be recovered by revegetation with leguminous plants associated with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. This study addressed the isolation and characterization of native nitrogen-fixing bacteria from coalmine wasteland under different vegetation restoration approaches using Macroptilium atropurpureum (DC) Urb and Vicia sativa L. as trap plants. The bacteria were characterized and identified on the basis of 16S rRNA sequences. Additionally, nitrogen-fixing strains were characterized for tolerance to high heavy metal and low pH levels, as well as […]

Morphological Diversity of Springtails in Land Use Systems

Marcielli Aparecida Borges dos Santos, Luís Carlos Iuñes de Oliveira Filho, Pâmela Niederauer Pompeo, Danielle Cristina Ortiz, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Osmar Klauberg Filho, [...]

05/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Springtails (Collembola) are soil organisms with wide morphological diversity and are sensitive to alterations in the soil, regardless of whether they are human-caused or not. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of land use on the morphological diversity of springtails and verify their relationships with soil physical, chemical, and microbiological properties. Samples were collected in the eastern region of Santa Catarina, in three municipalities: Joinville, Blumenau, and Timbó. They included the following land use systems […]

Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in Agricultural Land Use Systems in Subtropical Environments

Marcio Gonçalves da Rosa, Júlio Cesar Pires Santos, Antônio Domingos Brescovit, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Dilmar Baretta

06/Aug/2018

ABSTRACT Changes in land use management in agricultural areas can affect the biodiversity of spider families. This study aimed to evaluate spider diversity in different land use systems with capture by two sampling methods, and to identify soil properties that can modulate the occurrence of spiders. Five land use systems, representative of traditional agricultural areas, were evaluated in the west of Santa Catarina, Brazil, to establish a scale of land use intensity: native forest, eucalyptus reforestation areas, pastures, crop-livestock integration […]

Occurrence of Yeast Species in Soils under Native and Modified Vegetation in an Iron Mining Area

Geisianny Augusta Monteiro Moreira, Helson Mario Martins do Vale

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Soils of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero are rich in mineral resources, especially gold and iron. Soil management and mining activities greatly impact soil biology. However, studies addressed to the diversity of microorganisms and their ecological role in the recovery of these areas are scarce. This study aimed to assess the yeast occurrence in soils with natural vegetation (Atlantic Forest, neotropical savanna, and iron outcrop) and areas with anthropogenic modifications (Eucalyptus stand and rehabilitated area) in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero region. We […]

Soil Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties After a Wildfire Event in a Eucalyptus Forest in the Pampa Biome

Natielo Almeida Santana, Cedinara Arruda Santana Morales, Diego Armando Amaro da Silva, Zaida Inês Antoniolli, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Wildfire events cause considerable environmental disturbance but few studies have examined changes in soil properties due to fire. This study aimed to assess the effect of a wildfire event on chemical, physical, and biological properties of the soil in a eucalyptus forest in the Pampa biome. Part of a seven-year-old eucalyptus forest was affected by a wildfire event that lasted for two days. Soil and plant litter sampling was performed in three areas: in the forest that was not […]

Ajmalicine Bioproduction in Catharanthus Roseus (L) G. Don Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Fertilized with Nitrogen

Cecília Silva Monnerat, Marta Simone Mendonça Freitas, Ivo José Curcino Vieira, Marco Antônio Martins, Almy Junior Cordeiro de Carvalho, Paulo Cesar dos Santos, [...]

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Catharanthus roseus (L) G. Don (Madagascar periwinkle) belongs to the Apocynaceace family and is widely spread throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant produces several important alkaloids, such as ajmalicine and serpentine, which are used in the treatment of circulatory diseases. The potential of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and nitrogen fertilization to enhance the production of alkaloids was investigated in periwinkle. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal […]

An Alert Regarding a Common Misinterpretation of the Van Genuchten α Parameter

Quirijn de Jong van Lier, Everton Alves Rodrigues Pinheiro

18/Jun/2018

ABSTRACT Among the equations available to describe the relation between matric potential and soil water content, the soil water retention function, the most commonly used is the equation proposed by Van Genuchten in his 1980 landmark paper. In soil physics literature, especially in Brazil, several authors relate the inverse of the Van Genuchten parameter α to the air-entry pressure. This study aimed to show this common interpretation to be erroneous, as 1/α corresponds to water contents lower than saturation. The […]

Transpiration Reduction Factor and Soybean Yield in Low Land Soil with Ridge and Chiseling

Paulo Ivonir Gubiani, Eduardo Augusto Müller, André Somavilla, Anderson Luiz Zwirtes, Rodrigo Pivoto Mulazzani, Enio Marchesan

10/May/2018

ABSTRACT Water and oxygen deficiencies in the soybean crop cultivated on lowland soils are an important topic of research. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in water and oxygen supply and soybean yield caused by soil management in lowland soils. A soybean crop was grown under four soil conditions: no-tillage (NT), chiseling (CH), ridge tillage on no-tillage (NTR), and ridge tillage on chiseling (CHR). Soil bulk density, total porosity, macro- and microporosity, air permeability, and saturated hydraulic […]

Clay Mineralogy of Subtropical Soils under Long-Term Organic Fertilization in No-Tillage Systems

Fabrócio de Araújo Pedron, Cledimar Rogério Lourenzi, Carlos Aberto Ceretta, Juliana Lorensi, Adriana Cancian

03/May/2018

ABSTRACT: Organic fertilization effect on physical-chemical properties in no-tillage systems in tropical soils has been widely investigated, but little is known about the effects of this practice on the mineralogy of the clay fraction. This study aimed to evaluate the clay-fraction mineralogy of two subtropical soils, fertilized with organic residues in long-term no-tillage systems. An Alfisol fertilized with 0, 40, and 80 m3 ha-1 yr-1 pig slurry was evaluated for eight years, and an Oxisol with 0, 8, and 16 […]

1 2 3 16