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Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in Agricultural Land Use Systems in Subtropical Environments

Marcio Gonçalves da Rosa, Júlio Cesar Pires Santos, Antônio Domingos Brescovit, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Dilmar Baretta

06/Aug/2018

ABSTRACT Changes in land use management in agricultural areas can affect the biodiversity of spider families. This study aimed to evaluate spider diversity in different land use systems with capture by two sampling methods, and to identify soil properties that can modulate the occurrence of spiders. Five land use systems, representative of traditional agricultural areas, were evaluated in the west of Santa Catarina, Brazil, to establish a scale of land use intensity: native forest, eucalyptus reforestation areas, pastures, crop-livestock integration […]

Occurrence of Yeast Species in Soils under Native and Modified Vegetation in an Iron Mining Area

Geisianny Augusta Monteiro Moreira, Helson Mario Martins do Vale

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Soils of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero are rich in mineral resources, especially gold and iron. Soil management and mining activities greatly impact soil biology. However, studies addressed to the diversity of microorganisms and their ecological role in the recovery of these areas are scarce. This study aimed to assess the yeast occurrence in soils with natural vegetation (Atlantic Forest, neotropical savanna, and iron outcrop) and areas with anthropogenic modifications (Eucalyptus stand and rehabilitated area) in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero region. We […]

Soil Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties After a Wildfire Event in a Eucalyptus Forest in the Pampa Biome

Natielo Almeida Santana, Cedinara Arruda Santana Morales, Diego Armando Amaro da Silva, Zaida Inês Antoniolli, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Wildfire events cause considerable environmental disturbance but few studies have examined changes in soil properties due to fire. This study aimed to assess the effect of a wildfire event on chemical, physical, and biological properties of the soil in a eucalyptus forest in the Pampa biome. Part of a seven-year-old eucalyptus forest was affected by a wildfire event that lasted for two days. Soil and plant litter sampling was performed in three areas: in the forest that was not […]

Ajmalicine Bioproduction in Catharanthus Roseus (L) G. Don Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Fertilized with Nitrogen

Cecília Silva Monnerat, Marta Simone Mendonça Freitas, Ivo José Curcino Vieira, Marco Antônio Martins, Almy Junior Cordeiro de Carvalho, Paulo Cesar dos Santos, [...]

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Catharanthus roseus (L) G. Don (Madagascar periwinkle) belongs to the Apocynaceace family and is widely spread throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant produces several important alkaloids, such as ajmalicine and serpentine, which are used in the treatment of circulatory diseases. The potential of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and nitrogen fertilization to enhance the production of alkaloids was investigated in periwinkle. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal […]

An Alert Regarding a Common Misinterpretation of the Van Genuchten α Parameter

Quirijn de Jong van Lier, Everton Alves Rodrigues Pinheiro

18/Jun/2018

ABSTRACT Among the equations available to describe the relation between matric potential and soil water content, the soil water retention function, the most commonly used is the equation proposed by Van Genuchten in his 1980 landmark paper. In soil physics literature, especially in Brazil, several authors relate the inverse of the Van Genuchten parameter α to the air-entry pressure. This study aimed to show this common interpretation to be erroneous, as 1/α corresponds to water contents lower than saturation. The […]

Transpiration Reduction Factor and Soybean Yield in Low Land Soil with Ridge and Chiseling

Paulo Ivonir Gubiani, Eduardo Augusto Müller, André Somavilla, Anderson Luiz Zwirtes, Rodrigo Pivoto Mulazzani, Enio Marchesan

10/May/2018

ABSTRACT Water and oxygen deficiencies in the soybean crop cultivated on lowland soils are an important topic of research. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in water and oxygen supply and soybean yield caused by soil management in lowland soils. A soybean crop was grown under four soil conditions: no-tillage (NT), chiseling (CH), ridge tillage on no-tillage (NTR), and ridge tillage on chiseling (CHR). Soil bulk density, total porosity, macro- and microporosity, air permeability, and saturated hydraulic […]

Clay Mineralogy of Subtropical Soils under Long-Term Organic Fertilization in No-Tillage Systems

Fabrócio de Araújo Pedron, Cledimar Rogério Lourenzi, Carlos Aberto Ceretta, Juliana Lorensi, Adriana Cancian

03/May/2018

ABSTRACT: Organic fertilization effect on physical-chemical properties in no-tillage systems in tropical soils has been widely investigated, but little is known about the effects of this practice on the mineralogy of the clay fraction. This study aimed to evaluate the clay-fraction mineralogy of two subtropical soils, fertilized with organic residues in long-term no-tillage systems. An Alfisol fertilized with 0, 40, and 80 m3 ha-1 yr-1 pig slurry was evaluated for eight years, and an Oxisol with 0, 8, and 16 […]

Effects of Long-Term Fertilization Management Practices on Soil Microbial Carbon and Microbial Biomass in Paddy Soil at Various Stages of Rice Growth

Yilan Xu, Haiming Tang, Xiaoping Xiao, Weiyan Li, Chao Li, Geng Sun, [...]

20/Apr/2018

ABSTRACT Soil microbial biomass plays a significant role in soils, and it is often used as an early indicator of change in soil quality. Soil microbial biomass is affected by different fertilization management practices. Therefore, the impact of different long-term fertilization management practices on the soil organic carbon (SOC) content, soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC), and soil microbial biomass nitrogen (SMBN), as well as the soil microbial quotient (SMQ) in the tilled layer (0.00-0.20 m) were studied in the present […]

Visual Evaluation of the Soil Structure under Different Management Systems in Lowlands in Southern Brazil

Ivana Kruger Tuchtenhagen, Cláudia Liane Rodrigues de Lima, Adilson Luís Bamberg, Rachel Muylaert Locks Guimarães, Pulido-Moncada Mansonia

20/Apr/2018

ABSTRACT The “Visual Evaluation of Soil Structure” (VESS) is a method used primarily to evaluate the soil structural quality of Oxisols in Brazil and secondly for more specific research, consultancy, and teaching purposes. Since the methodology was never applied and compared with laboratory evaluations of physical properties of hydromorphic soils of the Pampa biome in the south of Brazil, this study evaluated the use of VESS as a visual indicator of the structure quality of a typic eutrophic Albaqualf soil […]

Temporal Variation of Soil Physical Quality under Conventional and No-Till Systems

Carlos Germán Soracco, Luis Alberto Lozano, Rafael Villarreal, Esteban Melani, Guillermo Oliverio Sarli

04/Apr/2018

ABSTRACT: Determination of soil physical quality (SPQ) is very important because it is related to many important soil processes. However, it is not clear which indicators should be considered in this evaluation, and information about temporal variation of SPQ under different soil tillage systems is scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of no tillage (NT) and conventional tillage (CT) on temporal variation of capacity SPQ indicators [bulk density (BD), macroporosity (Pmac), air capacity (AC), plant […]

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