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Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in Agricultural Land Use Systems in Subtropical Environments

Marcio Gonçalves da Rosa, Júlio Cesar Pires Santos, Antônio Domingos Brescovit, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Dilmar Baretta

06/Aug/2018

ABSTRACT Changes in land use management in agricultural areas can affect the biodiversity of spider families. This study aimed to evaluate spider diversity in different land use systems with capture by two sampling methods, and to identify soil properties that can modulate the occurrence of spiders. Five land use systems, representative of traditional agricultural areas, were evaluated in the west of Santa Catarina, Brazil, to establish a scale of land use intensity: native forest, eucalyptus reforestation areas, pastures, crop-livestock integration […]

Occurrence of Yeast Species in Soils under Native and Modified Vegetation in an Iron Mining Area

Geisianny Augusta Monteiro Moreira, Helson Mario Martins do Vale

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Soils of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero are rich in mineral resources, especially gold and iron. Soil management and mining activities greatly impact soil biology. However, studies addressed to the diversity of microorganisms and their ecological role in the recovery of these areas are scarce. This study aimed to assess the yeast occurrence in soils with natural vegetation (Atlantic Forest, neotropical savanna, and iron outcrop) and areas with anthropogenic modifications (Eucalyptus stand and rehabilitated area) in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero region. We […]

Soil Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties After a Wildfire Event in a Eucalyptus Forest in the Pampa Biome

Natielo Almeida Santana, Cedinara Arruda Santana Morales, Diego Armando Amaro da Silva, Zaida Inês Antoniolli, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Wildfire events cause considerable environmental disturbance but few studies have examined changes in soil properties due to fire. This study aimed to assess the effect of a wildfire event on chemical, physical, and biological properties of the soil in a eucalyptus forest in the Pampa biome. Part of a seven-year-old eucalyptus forest was affected by a wildfire event that lasted for two days. Soil and plant litter sampling was performed in three areas: in the forest that was not […]

Ajmalicine Bioproduction in Catharanthus Roseus (L) G. Don Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Fertilized with Nitrogen

Cecília Silva Monnerat, Marta Simone Mendonça Freitas, Ivo José Curcino Vieira, Marco Antônio Martins, Almy Junior Cordeiro de Carvalho, Paulo Cesar dos Santos, [...]

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Catharanthus roseus (L) G. Don (Madagascar periwinkle) belongs to the Apocynaceace family and is widely spread throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant produces several important alkaloids, such as ajmalicine and serpentine, which are used in the treatment of circulatory diseases. The potential of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and nitrogen fertilization to enhance the production of alkaloids was investigated in periwinkle. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal […]

Effects of Long-Term Fertilization Management Practices on Soil Microbial Carbon and Microbial Biomass in Paddy Soil at Various Stages of Rice Growth

Yilan Xu, Haiming Tang, Xiaoping Xiao, Weiyan Li, Chao Li, Geng Sun, [...]

20/Apr/2018

ABSTRACT Soil microbial biomass plays a significant role in soils, and it is often used as an early indicator of change in soil quality. Soil microbial biomass is affected by different fertilization management practices. Therefore, the impact of different long-term fertilization management practices on the soil organic carbon (SOC) content, soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC), and soil microbial biomass nitrogen (SMBN), as well as the soil microbial quotient (SMQ) in the tilled layer (0.00-0.20 m) were studied in the present […]

Spatial Variability of Soil Fauna Under Different Land Use and Managements

Raimunda Alves Silva, Glécio Machado Siqueira, Mayanna Karlla Lima Costa, Osvaldo Guedes, Ênio Farias de França e Silva

19/Mar/2018

ABSTRACT Geostatistics allows the evaluation of the distribution pattern of data with high spatial variability in agricultural systems. This study aimed to evaluate the spatial variability of biological diversity indices of soil fauna under different land (agriculture and forest). Samples were collected in seven areas (millet, soybean, corn, eucalyptus, pasture crops, and preserved and disturbed Cerrado), in Maranhão state, Brazil. The soil fauna was caught trapped in pitfall traps, installed 3 m away from each other. In each area, 130 […]

Tolerance to and Accumulation of Cadmium, Copper, and Zinc by Cupriavidus necator

Rayssa Pereira Vicentin, Jessé Valentim dos Santos, Cláudia Regina Gontijo Labory, Amanda Monique da Costa, Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira, Eduardo Alves

02/Mar/2018

ABSTRACT Preliminary results of in vitro experiments with multicontaminated soils and solid media indicated that nodulating diazotrophic bacteria of the genus Cupriavidus are promising for the remediation of contaminated environments due to their symbiosis with legumes and metal tolerance. Thus, strains of Cupriavidus spp. (LMG 19424T, UFLA 01-659, UFLA 01-663, and UFLA 02-71) were tested for their ability to tolerate and bioaccumulate cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) in Luria-Bertani broth. Changes in the growth pattern of Cupriavidus strains […]

Termite Mounds Effects on Soil Properties in the Atlantic Forest Biome

Sandra Santana de Lima, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Renato Nunes Pereira, Rafael Moura de Pontes, Celeste Queiroz Rossi

02/Mar/2018

ABSTRACT Termites have peculiar activities in the soil, inducing significant changes in the soil properties. The objective of this study was to assess physical and chemical properties and soil organic matter to evaluate the effect of termite activity and termite mounds on the soil. Two toposequences were selected and divided in slope thirds (shoulder, backslope, and footslope). In each of these, four termite mounds were selected. Samples were taken from the soils and termite mounds (top, center, and base) along […]

Field 13C Pulse Labeling of Pea, Wheat, and Vetch Plants for Subsequent Root and Shoot Decomposition Studies

Majid Mahmood Tahir, Sylvie Recous, Celso Aita, Ismael Cristiano Pfeifer, Bruno Chaves, Sandro José Giacomini

05/Feb/2018

ABSTRACT Isotopic labeling of plants is useful in tracking the fate of carbon (C) from different plant parts in a soil-plant system when these parts decompose simultaneously. Pulse labeling is a relatively simple technique and is amenable for use in the field. Therefore, we evaluated a 13CO2 pulse-labeling method to label crop plants under subtropical field conditions for simultaneous root and shoot decomposition studies. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), pea (Pisum sativum L.), and vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants were grown […]

Soil Microbial Community Structure and Diversity in Cut Flower Cultures Under Conventional and Ecological Management

Johanna Santamaría, Carmen Alicia Parrado, Liliana López

10/Jan/2018

ABSTRACT Microorganisms are excellent soil quality indicators because their properties within the soil community change quickly in response to changes in the surrounding environment. The aim of this study was to determine if the structure and diversity of soil bacterial and fungal communities were useful for discriminating cut flower cultures under conventional (CM), ecological (EM), and intermediate (IM) management practices. Results obtained by PCR-DGGE revealed that bacteria had lower similarity in structure and higher diversity under EM than under CM. […]

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